Every religion conveys a certain “aesthetic programme” transmitted via images, pictures and a range of symbols and narratives. This programme functions as a complex system of representations and claims presence in public space. By means of those aesthetic expressions, our affective and subjective economy/household is shaped and our group affiliations and identities as well as our constructions of meaning and values, ethical conditions and symbolic worldviews are influenced. Investigating aesthetic programmes of religions is a promising contribution to the ongoing debates on these issues. It is narratives, rites and symbols that represent one’s concept of meaning, giving them objective significance, verbalization and logicality. This is not only the case with individual religiosities but also with political references to religion, religious and anti-religious claims and social expressions of religious belonging. Examining religion as an aesthetic phenomenon also avoids both the regarding of religion as a mere subjective projection and inner feeling, and the investigation of it as a rigid system without any affective element. It rather needs to be understood as a certain kind of perceiving world (aesthetics as “aisthesis”). This research perspective also avoids the oversimplifying dichotomy of a religious and a secular sphere, as it renders similar structures of representation and aesthetic transmissions of ideas within religions and secular institutions like states and the rule of law. For these reasons, such an approach, which is open towards interdisciplinary research, proves to be effective in researching many current conflicts evolving around the general field of religion.